Breast Cancer Management
Breast Cancer Medical Management
Brief and Catchy Note: About treatment of breast cancer
The Breast cancer medical management typically involves surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, endocrine (hormone) therapy and targeted therapy. Surgery is the primary solution of breast cancer management followed (or preceded) by chemotherapy, radiotherapy, endocrine (hormone) therapy and immunotherapy.
Definition: The meaning of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer, is an abnormal growth of the cells lining the breast lobules or ducts that can potentially spread to other parts of the body if left undiagnosed and untreated. It can affects both men and women, although it is more common in transwomen and non-binary people. The early symptoms may include swollen breasts, night sweats, weight loss and fatigue and others.
Important: It’s very Crucial to know the Following related to breast Cancer
Before we look in to the best management of breast cancer that is currently most acceptable in the medical world, and most scientific departments. One need to have best understanding of breast cancer how it’s diagnosed as these are among the steps for successful management of this medical condition ( cancer of breast).
Signs and Symptoms:
What Tells Breast Cancer?
At the beginning of the breast cancer may not cause any symptoms, but in different cases there is tumor which develops in a very small to state and very small to be felt when touched during breast examination.
When the tumor in the breast is touched you may felt it’s a strange lump in the breast but not all lumps in the breast means breast cancer.
Common Signs and Symptoms:
There are many types of breast cancer and each has it’s own symptoms but the common signs and symptoms are:
1. Strange Lumps in the breast
2. Breast pain
3. Nipples discharge that is not milk
4. Bloody discharge from nipples
5. Nipples inverted
6. Swelling under arm
7. Swelling in some part or in all parts of breast
8. Scaling or peeling of skin on nipples or breast
9. Sudden change in Shape or size of the breast
10. Change in appearance of the breast skin
When you have some symptoms listed above:
Because having these doesn’t necessarily means you have a breast cancer. However if you find lump in your breast or other symptoms contact your doctor for further diagnosis and management.
Types of Breast Cancer
There many types but are categorize in to two:
1. Invasive breast cancer
2 Non-invasive breast cancer ( breast cancer in situ)
Invasive Breast cancer: This can spread from the breast ducts or glands to other part of the breast.
Non-invasive Breast Cancer: This cannot Spread from the original tissue affected.
These above type of breast cancer describes the most common type of breast Cancer and are as follows:
1. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma.
2. Lobular Carcinoma In situ.
3. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma
4. Ductal Carcinoma In situ
Doctal Carcinoma In situ (DCIS )
This is a noninvasive condition. The DCIS cancer cells accumulated the ducts in the breast and not invaded the surrounding breast tissue.
Lobular Carcinoma In situ (LCIS)
This is the cancer that grows in the milk-producing glands of the breast. Like DCIS, the cancer cells haven’t invaded the surrounding tissue.
Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC)
This is the most common type of breast cancer that begins in the breast’s milk ducts and further invades nearby tissue in the breast.
Once the breast cancer has spread to the tissue outside the milk ducts, it can begin to spread to other nearby organs and tissue.
Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC)
Start to develops in your breast’s lobules and further invaded nearby tissue.
The understanding of different types of cancer of the breast give light and confident to the doctors and nurses in treatment and management of patient with cancer disease.
Some less common breast cancer include:
2. Paget disease of the nipple
3. Phyllodes tumor
Others types include
1. Inflammatory breast cancer
2. Triple-negative breast cancer
Stages of breast Cancer
Doctors categorize breast cancer into stages based on the size of the tumor and how much it has spread.
Note: Cancers that are large or have spreaded near by tissues or organs are at a higher stage than cancers that are small or still contained in the breast. To stage breast cancer, doctors need to know.
There are five main stages of breast cancer, categorize from stages 0 to 4.
Stage 0 breast cancer
Stage 0 is DCIS. The cancer remain confined to the ducts in the breast and have not spread into nearby tissue.
Stage 1 breast cancer
The primary tumor is about 2 centimeters (cm) wide or less and the lymph nodes are not affected.
Stage 1B. are founded in nearby lymph nodes. Either there is no tumor in the breast, or the tumor is smaller than 2 cm.
Stage 2 breast cancer
Stage 2A. The tumor is smaller than 2 cm and has spread to 1 to 3 nearby lymph nodes, or it’s between 2 and 5 cm and hasn’t spread to any lymph nodes.
Stage 2B. The tumor is between 2 and 5 cm and has spread to 1 to 3 axillary (armpit) lymph nodes, or it’s larger than 5 cm and hasn’t spread to any lymph nodes.
Stage 3 breast cancer
The cancer has spread to 4 to 9 axillary lymph nodes or has enlarged the internal mammary lymph nodes. The primary tumor can be any size.
Tumors are greater than 5 cm. The cancer has spread to 1 to 3 axillary lymph nodes or any breastbone nodes.
Stage 3B. A tumor has invaded the chest wall or skin and may or may not have invaded up to 9 lymph nodes.
Stage 3C. Cancer is found in 10 or more axillary lymph nodes, lymph nodes near the collarbone, or internal mammary nodes.
Stage 4 breast cancer (metastatic breast cancer)
Stage 4 breast cancer
Can have a tumor of any size. Its cancer cells have spread to nearby and distant lymph nodes as well as distant organs.
The testing your doctor does will determine the stage of your breast cancer, which will affect your treatment.